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Phonological Awareness Skills

Have you ever had students that seem to be missing reading skills or struggling with learning to read and write? It could be lack of phonological awareness skills.  Phonological Awareness skills are important in order to develop reading and writing skills.

     Although they seem so simple to us, each part is important and needs to be taught and practiced!

What are these skills?    

Word Awareness-Tracking words in sentences. Talk about the number of spaces, number of words, number of lines, what and where do you find at the beginning (capital letter), what and where is the end (punctuation), and any special things. You will be surprised at how many of your students struggle with a few of these concepts. Bring a few up each time you work in guided reading and it will help.

Responsiveness to rhyme and alliteration during word play-Enjoying and reciting learned rhyming words or alliterative phrases in familiar storybooks or nursery rhymes. This is so much more that supplying rhyming words. Rhyming poems and nursery rhymes are great! Remember to play and have fun!

Syllable Awareness-Counting, tapping, blending, or segmenting a word into syllables. Check out the steps on my PA Skills Page.

Onset and Rime Manipulation-The ability to produce a rhyming word depends on understanding that rhyming words have the same rime (part of a syllable which consists of its vowel and any consonant sounds that come after it.) Recognizing a rhyme is much easier than producing a rhyme.

Phonemic Awareness-It is the most difficult phonological awareness skill that manipulates the smallest sounds in speech called phonemes. 

1st Step-Identify and match the initial sounds in words, then the final and middle sounds (Which picture begins with /m/?"; "Find another picture that ends in /r/).

2nd Step-Segment and produce the initial sound. ( What sound does bat start with? /b/)

3rd Step-Segment and produce the the final sound. (What sound is at the end of bat? /t/)


4th Step-Segment and produce the middle sound.  (Say the vowel sound in rope  /long o/)

5th Step-Blend sounds into words  (When I say these sounds, what word am I saying?  /m/ /ē/ /t/. Say it fast-meat)

6th Step-Segment the phonemes in two- or three-sound words, moving to four- and five- sound words  (The word is pie. Stretch and say the sounds:  /p/  /ī/ )

  7th Step- Manipulate phonemes by removing, adding, or substituting sounds (Say smoke without the /k/).


These skills take a long time to practice and solidify! 

Phonemic Awareness activities can be fun!


I hope you’ve found my tips on phonological awareness helpful. If you have any additional tips that might help a teacher, please share it with us!

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Debora from Teach Magically




2 comments:

  1. This has such good information about phonics and the explanation of each is appreciated!

    ReplyDelete