How to Teach Beginning Sounds and Phonemic Awareness Skills

Phonemic Awareness, the most difficult phonological awareness skill, is the ability to to attend to and manipulate the smallest sounds in speech called phonemes. Check out the sequence of phonological awareness skills here.

I always start with focusing on the beginning sounds.

Here's how:
Show the kids a letter card.
T- Today we are going to talk about the letter b. What's the name of this letter?
S- b
T- The sound it makes is /b/. What sound does the letter b make?
S- /b/

Then I point to each picture and say the name. The students put a thumb up or down if it starts with the correct sound.

T-Say Bee. The beginning sound is /b/. Listen as I say it slowly. /BBB/ee so show me thumbs up.

Students show thumbs up.

T-Now show me thumbs up if you hear /b/ at the beginning of the words and thumbs down if there is a different sound.

Beginning Sound Clip card form Teach Magically
Click picture for resource
Later, I place these in centers with clothes pins and the students can search for the beginning sounds. The clips help develop fine motor skills.

These cards help develop vocabulary. I also like that all the words are on one card so I don't have to flip through cards to find pictures with beginning sounds when I am teaching! They save me so much time and effort!

Then we dance a sing. I always use Jack Hartmann videos because they work on handwriting, phonological awareness and phonics combined along with movement.

The students color pictures independently so I can pull small groups together. I also encourage students to draw and try to write words on the back.

Student writing on w worksheet for beginning sounds
Click picture for resource.

Letter b Beginning sounds worksheet from Teach Magically
I hope this plan help your kiddos have fun with letters and sounds!
Teach Magically,

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