Phonological Awareness Skills

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Have you ever had students that seem to be missing reading skills or struggling with learning to read and write? It could be lack of phonological awareness skills.  Phonological Awareness skills are important in order to develop reading and writing skills.

phonemic awareness teachmagically

     Although they seem so simple to us, each part is important and needs to be taught and practiced!

What are these phonological awareness skills?    

Word Awareness-Tracking words in sentences. Talk about the number of spaces, number of words, number of lines, what and where do you find at the beginning (capital letter), what and where is the end (punctuation), and any special things. You will be surprised at how many of your students struggle with a few of these concepts. Bring a few up each time you work in guided reading and it will help. You can also do it with poetry. Check out how I use word awareness with poetry here. When writing I use different colors to help students visualize. Check out how I show word awareness with👉Humpty Dumpty.

to rhyme and alliteration during word play
and reciting learned rhyming words or alliterative phrases in familiar
storybooks or nursery rhymes. This is so much more that supplying rhyming words. Rhyming poems and nursery rhymes are great! Remember to play and have fun! Check out Rhyming Books and Games for a few ideas.

Syllable AwarenessCounting,
tapping, blending, or segmenting a word into syllables. Check out the steps on my PA Skills Page. This fun game makes syllable segmentation fun.

Segmenting Syllables Game Teach Magically

and Rime Manipulation
ability to produce a rhyming word depends on understanding that rhyming words
have the same rime
part of a syllable which consists of its vowel and any consonant sounds that come after it.) Recognizing a rhyme is much easier than producing a rhyme. 

Phonemic AwarenessIt is the most difficult phonological awareness skill that manipulates the smallest sounds in speech called phonemes. 

1st Step-Identify and match the initial sounds in words, then the
final and middle sounds (Which picture begins with /m/?”;
“Find another picture that ends in /r/).

2nd Step-Segment and produce the initial sound. ( What sound does bat start with? /b/)

3rd Step-Segment and produce the the final sound. (What sound is at the end of bat? /t/)

4th Step-Segment and produce the middle sound.  (Say the vowel sound in rope  /long o/)

5th Step-Blend sounds into words  (When I say these sounds, what word am I saying?  /m/ /ē/ /t/.
Say it fast-meat)

6th Step-Segment the phonemes in two- or three-sound words, moving
to four- and five- sound words  (The word is pie. Stretch and say the sounds:  /p/  /ī/ )

  7th Step- Manipulate phonemes by removing, adding, or
substituting sounds (Say smoke without the /k/).

Phonemic Awareness activities can be fun!

I hope you’ve found my tips on phonological awareness helpful. If you have any additional tips that might help a teacher, please share it with us!

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Debora from Teach Magically

This Post Has 2 Comments

  1. Unknown

    This has such good information about phonics and the explanation of each is appreciated!

    1. Debora Marines

      Thanks Melissa!

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