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Research has shown that segmenting fluency is the biggest indicator of reading success.
Segmenting phonemes is a difficult part of phonemic awareness ( Be sure to start with segmenting words).
Children develop phonemic awareness as they learn and play with language. These Phonological Awareness Skills can be difficult and need to be taught.
SOOOOO a cool segmenting activity helps teach phonemic awareness is Elkonin Boxes!
These boxes build phonological awareness skills by segmenting words into individual sounds, or phonemes.
How to Use Sound Boxes
To use Elkonin boxes, a child listens to a word and dabs a box for each sound or phoneme. (The dabbing is the best part!) This dabbing of the sounds adds a visual clue for the child.
Be sure to model each word first, then have the child do it right after you. Once the child can segment the sounds independently, the page can be completed.
Once letters are connected to sounds, the child can write the letter that makes the sound on the colored dot (be sure it’s dry🤣) Once a letter has been added, phonics is added to the lesson.
Click here to understand the difference between phonics and phonemic awareness.
Blend the Sounds
Blending of the sounds develops better readers. I make the kiddos close their eyes then I say each phoneme, sound. The kiddos have to open their eyes, point to a picture and say the whole word.
This really helps with the phonological awareness skill of blending!
Check out how to easily teach blending at Blending Made Easy. It is much fun to watch this process happen! Working with these skills will develop better readers.
Want to add a little math? Count the sounds! WHOO HOO!! I love to include math whenever I can! Imagine the math discussion if there are words with a different number of sounds! Discuss how many more, which word had the bigger number…amazing
Find Snowmen Segmenting Fun here
Other resources to help work segmenting! Click to get the resources!