Do you teach beginning readers?
Phonological Awareness, the Best Skill for Beginning Readers
PA is the understanding that words and sentences can be divided into smaller parts that can be manipulated. Therefore, understanding phonological awareness prepares students for later reading. Instruction in PA includes phonics, word analysis and spelling. PA is like an umbrella over many skills.
Beginning Reading Skills
Word Awareness, the easiest skill, includes tracking words in sentences. It also includes rhyming and alliteration. These skills can be practiced through stories and poems. For example, use Humpty Dumpty to focus on the letters, words, sentences, and poem. Check out how at Humpty Dumpty Nursery Rhyme Activities.
Syllable Awareness involves blending or segmenting a word into parts.
Onset-rime Awareness is the ability to make a rhyming word. This skill depends on knowing that rhyming words have the same ending sound. It means being able to tell if words rhyme or not.
For example, thumbs up if cat and hat rhyme, is an easy task.
On the other hand, producing a rhyme is harder. For example, tell me a word that rhymes with cat.
The Hardest Thing to Teach Beginning Readers
Phonemic Awareness is more highly related to learning to read than are tests of general intelligence, reading readiness, and listening comprehension (Stanovich, 1993).
In conclusion, be sure to check these skills if you are teaching beginning readers or readers that are struggling! Learn more information about the order of these skills and ideas on this PA Page. (click).